Hack The Box - MetaTwo [Easy]

Starting out with rustscan

[~] Starting Script(s)
[~] Starting Nmap 7.93 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2023-04-21 16:34 EEST
Initiating Ping Scan at 16:34
Scanning [2 ports]
Completed Ping Scan at 16:34, 0.05s elapsed (1 total hosts)
Initiating Parallel DNS resolution of 1 host. at 16:34
Completed Parallel DNS resolution of 1 host. at 16:34, 0.23s elapsed
DNS resolution of 1 IPs took 0.23s. Mode: Async [#: 1, OK: 0, NX: 1, DR: 0, SF: 0, TR: 1, CN: 0]
Initiating Connect Scan at 16:34
Scanning [3 ports]
Discovered open port 21/tcp on
Discovered open port 22/tcp on
Discovered open port 80/tcp on
Completed Connect Scan at 16:34, 0.05s elapsed (3 total ports)
Nmap scan report for
Host is up, received syn-ack (0.050s latency).
Scanned at 2023-04-21 16:34:41 EEST for 0s

21/tcp open  ftp     syn-ack
22/tcp open  ssh     syn-ack
80/tcp open  http    syn-ack

We can see that we have an FTP open, this will be of use later on. Going to the main website on port 80 we can see that there is a some sort of blog site. Using whatweb we can get some versions:

http://metapress.htb/events/ [200 OK] Cookies[PHPSESSID], Country[RESERVED][ZZ], HTML5, HTTPServer[nginx/1.18.0], IP[], MetaGenerator[WordPress 5.6.2], PHP[8.0.24], PoweredBy[--], Script, Title[Events – MetaPress], UncommonHeaders[link], WordPress[5.6.2], X-Powered-By[PHP/8.0.24], nginx[1.18.0]

We can see that this is a WordPress and the booking thing certainly looks like a plugin, so let’s see the name of the plugin:

GET /wp-content/plugins/bookingpress-appointment-booking/images/front-confirmation-vector.svg HTTP/1.1
Host: metapress.htb
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/112.0.5615.50 Safari/537.36
Accept: image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,image/svg+xml,image/*,*/*;q=0.8
Referer: http://metapress.htb/thank-you/?appointment_id=NA==
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.9
Cookie: PHPSESSID=cdoa77oamq1dbr9puh51s108jq
Connection: close

From this request, we can see that the plugin name is bookingpress, a simple google search would yield that this plugin is vulnerable to SQL Injection (CVE-2022-0739).

Using that vulnerability, we can get the password for the manager user

admin $P$BGrGrgf2wToBS79i07Rk9sN4Fzk.TV.
manager $P$B4aNM28N0E.tMy/JIcnVMZbGcU16Q70:partylikearockstar

We can now log in into the wp-admin using the manager account.

From there we can see that the dashboard is pretty simple and the only pivoting point would be the upload of the media, so googling around I found CVE-2021-29447 that exposes a XXE vulnerability in the Media Library.

More Information

I’ve used the exact exploit used in the article (with adjusted payloads). The exploit returned some files such as /etc/passwd from where I got the user jnelson, the nginx config etc/nginx/sites-available/default, and the wp-config.php.

Using the config from the nginx I saw the path to the WordPress site.

root /var/www/metapress.htb/blog;

And I’ve got the wp-config on this location /var/www/metapress.htb/blog/wp-config.php

define( 'FS_METHOD', 'ftpext' );
define( 'FTP_USER', 'metapress.htb' );
define( 'FTP_PASS', '9NYS_ii@FyL_p5M2NvJ' );
define( 'FTP_HOST', 'ftp.metapress.htb' );
define( 'FTP_BASE', 'blog/' );
define( 'FTP_SSL', false );

From there we can log into the FTP, and there we can see the send_email.php file, inspecting it we will see the password for the jnelson. Now, we can log in using ssh.

The root credentials are in the ~/pass file.

jnelson@meta2:~$ cat user.txt
jnelson@meta2:~$ cat pass
- comment: ''
  fullname: root@ssh
  login: root
  modified: 2022-06-26 08:58:15.621572
  name: ssh
  password: !!python/unicode 'p7qfAZt4_A1xo_0x'
- comment: ''
  fullname: jnelson@ssh
  login: jnelson
  modified: 2022-06-26 08:58:15.514422
  name: ssh
  password: !!python/unicode 'Cb4_JmWM8zUZWMu@Ys'
handler: passpie
version: 1.0
jnelson@meta2:~$ su - root
root@meta2:~# cat /root/root.txt